Efficient Finite Element Methods for Transient Nonlinear Analysis of Shells.
Annual rept. 1 Feb 82-31 Jan 83,
NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
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A finite element formulation and algorithm for the nonlinear analysis of the large deflection, materially nonlinear response of impulsively loaded shells is presented. A unique feature of this algorithm is the use of a bilinear four node quadrilateral element with single point quadrature and a simple hourglass control which is orthogonal to rigid body modes on an element level and does not compromise the consistency of the equations. The geometric nonlinearities are treated by using a corotational description wherein a coordinate system that rotates with the material is embedded at the integration point thus the algorithm is directly applicable to anisotropic materials without any corrections for frame invariance of material property tensors. This algorithm can treat about 200 element-time-steps per CPU second on a CYBER 170730 computer in the explicit time integration mode. Numerous results are presented for both elastic and elastic-plastic problems with large strains that show that the method in most cases is comparable in accuracy with an earlier version of this algorithm employing a cubic triangular plate-shell element, but substantially faster. Author
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