United States Security Assistence to Israel.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS
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Security assistance, an outward sign of the long-standing special relationship between the U.S. and Israel, is examined in light of the impact of defense spending on the Israeli economy. The threat to Israels security is traced from its founding through the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, a political and economic turning point, at which time defense spending increased abruptly. Since 1973, disproportionate amounts of resources relative to its economy have been allocated to expanding and modernizing the Israeli Defense Forces, resulting in an increased financial dependence on the U.S. Security assistance to Israel in the form of Foreign Military Sales credits, Economic Support Funds, and Peacekeeping Operations is outlined as it evolved in four distinct phases over the 35 years since Israels independence. Substantial portions of the assistance have been extended on a nonreimbursable basis. Possible repayment problems are described in relation to Israels external debt and future military requirements. Finally, the special relationship between the U.S. and Israel is examined in such areas as U.S. commitment, special privileges granted to Israel, political leverage, and U.S relations with Arab states. Author
- Government and Political Science