Knowledge Requirements and Management in Expert Decision Support Systems for (Military) Situation Assessment
ISRAEL INST OF BUSINESS RESEARCH TEL-AVIV
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Situation assessment tasks, e.g. medical diagnosis, battlefield reading, corporation assessment for merger or acquisition purposes, are formulated as a general family of problem solving tasks. We characterize the generic nature of this family as a multiprespective multimembership hierarchical pattern recognition problem, identify the types of decision problems involved in the situation assessment process, and propose a unified approach for the development of situation assessment decision support systems DSS. The focus is on knowledge representation and elicitation, although issues related to inference mechanisms, system structure and expert-machine-user interface are also discussed. The presentation is accompanied by examples from military situation assessment. However, comparable examples from medical and business applications are also cited. Many of the ideas presented here have already been implemented in the MEDAS system and medical DSS for emergency and critical care medicine.
- Administration and Management
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems