Accession Number:

ADA135262

Title:

Positive and Negative Reinforcement Effects on Behavior in a Three-Person Microsociety.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV BALTIMORE MD DEPT OF PSYCHIATRY

Report Date:

1983-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

62.0

Abstract:

Three-person groups of males G1, G2, and G4 and females G3 resided for 6 to 12 days in a continuously programmed environment. Subjects followed a behavioral program that determined the sequential and contingent relationships within an inventory of activities. During a positive reinforcement day, each work unit completed by a subject incremented a group account that was divided evenly among the 3 participants at the studys conclusion. During a negative reinforcement day, no money was earned, and the group was assigned a work unit criterion to accomplish to avoid a reduction in accumulated earnings. During avoidance days, subjects exhibited aggressive responses, which differed in magnitude among the 4 groups, as determined from several distinct behavioral measures that reflected the overall status of the microsociety. These effects appear to fall within the conceptual and procedural framework that encompasses analyses of by-products of aversive control, and they suggest that similar variables are operative.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE