The Effects of Job Design Characteristics, Stress, and Need for Achievement on Three Employee Outcome Variables.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS
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This research examined the relationship between job characteristics, stress, and need for achievement n Ach with each of three employee outcome variables perceived job performance, job satisfaction, and job involvement. In addition, the unique contribution of each of the independent variables in predicting the three outcome variables was determined through linear regression analysis. Moderated regression was performed to determine the moderating effect of n Ach on each job characteristicsemployee outcome relationship. data were obtained from 691 employees at a large DOD installation. Results indicated that the full model, including job characteristics, stress, and n Ach significantly p .001 predicted perceived performance, satisfaction, and involvement. In every case, for each outcome variable, a unique set of significant predictor variables was identified. No evidence was found to support the notion that n Ach moderates job characteristicsemployee outcome relationships. Results are discussed with regard to the future of job design research and the value of considering moderator variables in this context. Author