Research on Alcohol Abuse and Rehabilitation in the U. S. Navy,
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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Special treatment programs for alcoholism and alcohol abuse were established for naval personnel after federal legislation was enacted in 1970-1971. Four types of rehabilitation programs are now available centers non-medical residential, services medical residential, drydocks or Counseling and Assistance Centers short-term residential or outpatient, and the Navy Alcohol Safety Action Program after-hours educational program. Survey methods have been used extensively in the Navy to study alcohol use and abuse patterns. The method of choice, however, is prospective cohort analysis using special historical files containing hospitalization and personnel data as well as data pertaining to alcohol history and treatment. This epidemiologic approach facilitates establishing etiological or causal relationships, identifying risk factors for alcoholism and alcohol abuse incidence, and evaluating rehabilitation program effectiveness. Major studies at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, utilizing this data system are described and evaluated.
- Medicine and Medical Research