Accession Number:

ADA134777

Title:

Chemical Characterization and Toxicologic Evaluation of Airborne Mixtures. Chemical Characterization of Army Colored Smokes: Inventory Smoke Mixes (Red, Violet, Yellow, and Green).

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1980-1981,

Corporate Author:

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LAB TN

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1983-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

60.0

Abstract:

Red, violet, yellow and green inventory smoke mixes were fractionated by vacuum sublimation, differential solubility and liquid chromatography. Two unique components, benzanthrone and dibenzochrysenedione were purified by the same methods. Major components of the smoke mixes were isolated and identified by comparison to the pure dyes using a variety of instrumental techniques. A number of contaminants at very minor levels were identified by gas chromatographymass spectroscopy. All of the smoke mixes contained relatively large quantities 10-25 percent of chloroform insoluble or non-volatile undifferentiated carbonaceous material.

Subject Categories:

  • Toxicology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE