Culture as an Environmental Context for Careers.
ALFRED P SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT CAMBRIDGE MA
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Cultural factors influence career patterns in a variety of ways. Societal, occupational, and organizational cultures influence the structure of the external career, prestige associated with given careers, the legitimacy of certain motives underlying careers, success criteria, the clarity of the career concept itself, and the importance attached to career vs. family and self development. How career occupants view their careers and the degree of variation in such views within given societies, occupations, and organizations is also culturally patterned. Both managers and careers researchers must become more familiar with these cultural influences. This paper explores several facets of culture as an environment for careers and to demonstrate that career research is inevitably culture bound. Three separate areas will be discussed Cultural influences on the concept of career itself Cultural influences on the importance of career relative to personal and family issues and Cultural influences on the bases of legitimacy of managerial careers.
- Administration and Management
- Sociology and Law