Pheromonal Control of Biting Midges (Culicoides Spp.).
Final technical rept.,
FLORIDA MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY LAB VERO BEACH
Pagination or Media Count:
The male Culicoides melleus Coquillett Diptera Ceratopogonidae is able to orienate extremely rapidly to the copulatory position on a C. melleus female and, remarkably, assumes an equivalent position on a mosquito female Aedes taeniorhynchus. To test for possible similarity between the midge and mosquito females, the ability of their different bodily parts to stimulate sexual response from C. melleus females was assayed. Males were known to respond sexually to a contact pheromone. Males showed increasing response posteriorly on both female C. melleus and A. taeniorhynchus, and greater response to ventral positions than dorsal. Experiments involving transpositions of bodily parts of C. melleus females prove that orientation, at least in the later stages of precopulatory behavior, is to cues on the female abdomen. It is suggested that the orientation behavior of the C. melleus male is achieved in response to contact pheromone gradients on the female body. Author
- Anatomy and Physiology