Roll-On/Roll-Off (RO/RO) Merchant Vessel Offloading Facility Tests with the Calm Water Ramp (CWR) (COTS (Container Offloading and Transfer System) CNO Project 299, DT-IM-2).
Research and development rept.,
DAVID W TAYLOR NAVAL SHIP RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER BETHESDA MD SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT DEPT
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The United States has long included merchant ships in plans to support Navy Marine Corps Amphibious Assault Follow-on Echelon AFOE and Army Logistics Over-the-Shore LOTS operations. The shifts toward port-dependent cargo ships has given rise to the investigation of other methodsfacilities to offload cargo without getting into development of complex harbor facilities similar to those used commercially. The tests with the calm water ramp CWR demonstrate, in part, the viability of using the ramp to offload nonself-sustaining roll-onroll-off RORO ships in an offshore setting. Due to the unavailability of a nonself-sustaining RORO ship, all tests were designed to correspond and reproduce actual operating parameters. The ramp was raised through the extremes of its operating range and several representative military vehicles were driven up an included section of the CWR. The Causeway Platform Facility CPF was configured for ramp operations and moored alongside the merchant ship SS AMERICAN TROJAN where simulated vehicle offloadings from Causeway Ferries and Landing Crafts Utility LCUs were conducted. Based on these tests, the CWR and the CPF have demonstrated that can operate effectively to satisfy all of their design requirements.
- Marine Engineering
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies