Cedar Grove: An Interdisciplinary Investigation of a Late Caddo Farmstead in the Red River Valley.
ARKANSAS ARCHEOLOGICAL SURVEY FAYETTEVILLE
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Excavations by the Arkansas Archeological Survey under contract with the New Orleans Disrict of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers at the Cedar Grove site 3LA97 in Lafayette County, Arkansas, recovered the remains of a late Caddo BelcherChakanina phase farmstead at a location that had been later used for a historic levee, cemetery, roadbed, and fields. A comprehensive interdisciplinary team studied the recovered data on historic remains, settlement systems, lithics, ceramics, geomorphology, chronology, floral and faunal remains, pigments, and bioarcheology. The results of these studies indicate that the farmstead was located on a point bar ridge within the axis of a Red River meander. Settlement pattern on the site showed the presence of at least one circular house, plus the possible presence of two additional houses and two ramada work structures. A skeletal population of 14 individuals represented a patrilocal family cemetery of people consuming a moderate proportion of maize in their diet. Although no signs of European diseases were found in the bioarcheological studies, evidence of possible European contact was found in the form of two bone buttons from an aboriginal grave. The aboriginal graves showed evidence of a ranked society, although the farmers represented were probably not at the highest end of the Caddoan social scale.
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