In Search of the Components of Task Induced Judgement Decrements.
RICE UNIV HOUSTON TX DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Hammonds Cognitive Continuum Theory posits that three major categories of task features content, structure, and presentation determine how analytically or intuitively the individual will process information in arriving at a judgment. The state of the art does not permit a direct test of this basic assumption. Some of its implications can be examined by manipulating the task features systematically and observing the effects upon both judgmental products and processes. This was the main purpose of the two experiments presented in this report. The task format used in these experiments involved judging the suitability of hypothetical job applicants for various positions. An optimal model was available for integrating the predictive information so that actual selection outcomes success, failure, could be simulated. Comparison of outcomes derived from human judgment with those derived from the optimal model provided an index of product quality policy capturing techniques provided an index for process evaluation.