Cognition and Arousal as Predictors of Risk Taking: Effects of Load and Cognitive Style.
MILTON S HERSHEY MEDICAL CENTER HERSHEY PA DEPT OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
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The research investigated the contributions of three cognitive styles Type A, Cognitive Complexity and the General Incongruity Adaptation Level - GIAL on risk taking in a visual motor task. The research was further concerned with uncovering possible relationship between these cognitive styles and physiological cardiovascular arousal as sources of risky action. Effects of stylistic variables on risk taking appeared frequently at specific task load levels. Only limited relationships between arousal and risk taking were obtained. Arousal did not covary meaningfully with stylistic antecedents of risky behavior. It was concluded that risk taking is primarily cognitive in orientation and interventions to decrease risk taking on the job should focus on relevant cognitive approaches.