USAF Advanced Terrestrial Energy Study. Volume 1. Project Summary.
Final rept. Sep 80-Feb 82,
INSTITUTE OF GAS TECHNOLOGY CHICAGO ILL
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The objective of this project was to develop a data base of technical and economic performance parameters of selected energy conversion and energy storage devices. The data base includes not only the state-of-the-art 1980 values of performance parameters, but also the expected values of performance parameters in 1985, 1990, and 2000. For energy conversion technologies, performance parameters were developed over a power output from 1.5 to 5000.0 kW. For energy storage technologies, performance parameters were developed over an energy output range equivalent to the power output at continuous annual operation. The following energy conversion technologies were characterized in this data base Gas turbines -- Closed cycle and Open cycle, recuperative and nonrecuperative Diesels -- Turbocompounded, Turbocharged and Adiabatic Stirlings -- Free piston and Kinematic Organic Rankine Cycles Fuel cells -- Phosphoric acid, Solid polymer electrolyte and Molten carbonate Photovoltaics -- Flat plate, Actively cooled and Photochemical and Wind turbines -- Vertical and horizontal axes. The following energy storage technologies were characterized Batteries -- ZnCl2, ZnBr2, NiFe, Li-AlFeS2, NaS, Advanced sealed leadacids and Redox Cr-Fe and Thermal energy storage devices -- CaCl26H2O, Na2SO410H2O, Na2S2O35H2O, Olivine and Magnesite ceramic brick, and Form-stable polyethylene.
- Non-electrical Energy Conversion
- Electric Power Production and Distribution
- Electrochemical Energy Storage
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines
- Reciprocating and Rotating Engines