Mitigation of Ignition-Induced, Two-Phase Flow Dynamics in Guns through the Use of Stick Propellants
Technical rept. Oct 1978-Mar 1980
ARMY BALLISTIC RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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Pressure waves arising in gun chambers from ignition-induced flow dynamics can be deleterious to a weapon system, either catastrophically through the failure of the gun or projectile, or more subtly through degraded ballistic reproducibility or projectile reliability. One way to improve the flow dynamics during the ignition phase of the interior ballistic cycle, and thus to mitigate pressure-wave development, is to increase the permeability of the propellant bed to ignition and combustion gases. A method by which this can be accomplished is through the use of stick propellants, which produce natural flow channels when bundled into a charge. We describe herein an investigation into the effects of stick propellant grain geometry on the development of pressure waves in guns. Specifically, several slotted- and unslotted-stick M30A1 propellants are considered. A series of preliminary studies of these propellants is briefly described, including closed-bomb testing and computer simulations of one- dimensional charges using a two-phase flow interior ballistic model. We present a detailed description of firing tests at ambient, reduced, and elevated temperatures using these propellants in full-bore, base-ignited, 155-mm bagged charges, specifically designed to promote the formation of pressure waves. by comparison with a previous study, the results indicate improved performance, as evidenced by decreased pressure-wave levels, in progressing from granular to stick propellants. It is also shown, for the lots tested, that the temperature coefficient of pressure, Delta PDelta T, is dependent on the geometry, such that the ambient-to-hot coefficient for the slotted-stick propellant is twice that for the unslotted-stick propellant.
- Ammunition and Explosives
- Combustion and Ignition