Accession Number:

ADA133542

Title:

A Preliminary Study of Reducing the Cost of Blast Shelter for Critical Workers

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LAB TN

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1983-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

165.0

Abstract:

The overall purpose of this study was to examine ways to reduce the cost of shelter for critical workers. Shelters for this purpose would be expected to have from 10 to 100 spaces and overpressure protection from 340-1360 kPa 50-200 psi. The civil defense literature on cost was reviewed, and the cost estimates of the best designs were corrected to 1982 dollars. A design and a cost estimate of a corrugated metal shelter exploiting earth arching for 1360 kPa 200 psi was carried through the concept stage. It is believed the configuration used will enable the occupants to survive both the ground motion and the initial nuclear radiation from megaton weapons at this overpressure. It appears that this shelter can be constructed for somewhat under 500space, including habitability equipment, when purchased in relatively small numbers. A design concept for a very lightweight, high-overpressure door was developed. This door, using the membrane principle, offers the promise of being the lowest cost entranceway when in mass production.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Civil Defense
  • Protective Equipment

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE