Accession Number:

ADA133468

Title:

The Relation between Power and Energy in the Shock Initiation of Detonations. I. Basic Theoretical Considerations and the Effects of Geometry

Descriptive Note:

Memorandum rept.

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1983-09-15

Pagination or Media Count:

46.0

Abstract:

Recent studies on the direct initiation of gaseous detonations have shown that initiation depends not only on the energy deposited but also on the rate at which it is deposited, namely the power. In this paper, we have used a theoretical model to determine the relation between the power and the energy required for the initiation of planar, cylindrical and spherical detonations in a detonable gas mixture. The results from the model show that the qualitative differences in the power-energy relations obtained from two different experimental arrangements are due to differences in the geometry. We also show that the minimum power requirement corresponds to a shock of the minimum. Mach number only in the case of planar detonations. Finally, the effect on the power-energy relation of the ratio of specific heats and the experimental uncertainties in the determination of the induction times have been studied for an acetylene-oxygen-nitrogen mixture. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Combustion and Ignition

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE