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The Energy Cost and Heart Rate Response of Trained and Untrained Subjects Walking and Running in Shoes and Boots,
ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA
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To determine the difference in the energy cost of walking and running in a lightweight athletic shoe and a heavier boot, fourteen male subjects 6 trained and 8 untrained had their oxygen uptake VO2 measured while walking and running on a treadmill. They wore each type of footwear, athletic shoes of the subjects choice average weight per pair 616g, and leather military boots average weight per pair 1776g at 3 walking speeds. 4.0, 5.6 and 7.3 km h and 3 running speeds 8.9 10.5 and 12.1 kmh. The trials for running were repeated at the same three speeds with the subjects wearing shoes and these shoes plus lead weights. The weight of the shoes plus the lead weights was equal to the weight of the subjects boots. The VO2 values with boots were significantly p .05 higher 5.9 to 10.2 percent at all speeds, except the slowest walk, 4.0 kmh. also, VO with shoes plus lead weights were significantly p.05 higher than shoes alone. Weight alone appeared to account for 48-70 of the added energy cost of wearing boots. The relative energy cost VO2m mlkgmin of trained and untrained suggests were the same at all speeds, but heart rates for the untrained were significantly higher p.05 in both shoes and boots except at the slowest walking speed 4.0 kmh. These data indicate that energy expenditure is increased by wearing boots. A large portion of this increase may be attributed to weight of footwear.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE