Analysis of Energy Conservation Alternatives for Standard Army Building
CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL
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This report describes energy conservation alternatives for five standard Army building designs. By surveying maps of major Army installations and using the Integrated Facilities System, the most popular designs were determined to be a two-company, rolling-pin-shaped barracks for enlisted personnel a Type 64 barracks a motor repair shop a battalion headquarters and classroom building and an enlisted personnel mess hall. The Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics BLAST energy-analysis computer program was used to develop baseline energy consumption for each design based on the building descriptions and calibrated by comparison with the measured energy usage of similar buildings. Once the baseline was established, the BLAST program was used to study energy conservation alternatives ECAs which could be retrofit to the existing buildings. The ECAs included closing off air-handling units, adding storm windows, adding 2 in. 0.051 m of exterior insulation to the walls, partially blocking the windows, adding roof insulation, putting up south overhangs, installing programmable thermostats, recovering heat from exhaust fans, installing temperature economizers, replacing lights, and installing partitions between areas of differing temperature.
- Air Conditioning, Heating, Lighting and Ventilating
- Civil Engineering