Effects of Questions and Instructions on Learning from Text.
Technical rept. 1977-1982,
NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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Four experiments were conducted to determine if giving students specific instructions about the nature of the textual material and the final test is as effective as giving them practice questions in learning from text. In all experiments, subjects were randomly assigned to one of four groups a read-only control group, a practice-questions group, an instructions, and a practice-questions-instructions group. Results of the experiments indicated that instructions can be as effective and, in some cases, more effective than practice questions in learning from text, instructions controlfocus student processing and attention as well as do practice questions, and the best instructional strategy is a combination of instructions and practice questions. Author
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