The Motivational Effects of Participation Versus Goal Setting on Performance.
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
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A 3 x 2 factorial design was used to examine the motivational effects of participation in decision making PDM versus goal setting on performance. Seventy-two college students were randomly assigned to one of six conditions. The task selected for the study was a toy assembly project adapted from a business game used in an assessment center. The motivational effects of PDM were isolated from the cognitive by imposing the ideas generated through PDM on another condition. Assignedparticipative goals were set in terms of the number of toys that could be produced within a 20-minute period. Goal difficulty was held constant between the two conditions. The results showed a significant main effect for goal setting only. Both forms of goal setting led to performance that was significantly higher than that which occurred in the do best condition. The interaction effect between goal setting and decision making was not significant. Author
- Sociology and Law