The Intelligence Background of Operation TORCH
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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Operation TORCH was the first major allied operation of World War II and was the biggest amphibious operation attempted to that date and indeed up to that point in history. Its intelligence background is a story of civilian- military cooperation that was unique for its time. An American diplomat, Robert Murphy, together with twelve Reserve officers acting was State Department Vice Consuls, worked clandestinely to provide information for the invasion of North Africa and an underground network for the planners of TORCH. Their efforts were a mixture of success and disappointment, but this collaboration between civilian and soldier set the example for future policy as the United States expanded its commitments throughout the world. This study summarizes a diplomats experience with his military counterparts in an unfamiliar world of intelligence and military planning.
- Humanities and History
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics