The Value of Field Fortifications in Modern Warfare, Volume 1
Final rept. 1 Sep 78-1 Dec 79
HISTORICAL EVALUATION AND RESEARCH ORGANIZATION DUNN LORING VA
Pagination or Media Count:
A qualitative and quantitative analysis of the functions, performance and effects of field fortifications was made in 14 combat operations in World War II and the October 1973 War and in four variants of one hypothetical combat example positing the defense of the US V Corps zone -- the Fulda Gap area of Western Germany -- in a surprise Warsaw Pact offensive against NATO forces, with and without the use of nuclear weapons. HEROs Quantified Judgment Method of Analysis of Historical Combat QJMA, its computer-assisted simulation of combat, the Quantified Judgment Model QJM, and its Tactical Nuclear Sub-Model TNSM were used as analytic tools. The analyses show quantitatively that, historically, field fortifications have invariably enhance the combat capabilities of defenders in modern combat operations and substantially slowed the rated of advance of attackers. Similar results are derived for the hypothetical surprise attack in the US V Corps zone. Deterrence and operational implications for NATO are pointed out, and conclusions are drawn. These include quantitative conclusions based on the results of the QJM analyses.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics