Development of a Field-Oriented Measure of Soldier Morale
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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The purpose of this project was to construct brief yet meaningful measures of military morale and motivation. It was further desired that the scales permit easy administration, scoring, and interpretation by Army officers lacking professional training in behavioral science. The current effort involved extending analyses of attitudinal data collected under the auspices of the US army Research Institute for the Behavior and Social Sciences Borman and Bleda, 1978. In the earlier project, subscale scores on a lengthy battery of self- report instruments were submitted to factor analysis, and six dimensions of motivation and morale were identified. Nineteen subscales, many consisting of large numbers of items, appeared to assess these factors. Our reanalyses of the Borman and Bleda data resulted in reducing the number of items 200 on these scales to 64 questions assessing the same six dimensions. Efforts were also made to simplify the working and scoring of items to facilitate use of the instrument in the field, such as serving as a portion of the Troop Preparedness Estimates, a measure of personnel combat readiness.
- Administration and Management
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods