Accession Number:

ADA127172

Title:

Small Groups in Programmed Environments: Behavioral and Biological Interactions.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV BALTIMORE MD DIV OF BEHAVIORAL BIOLOGY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1983-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

43.0

Abstract:

This report reviews a research program undertaken within a laboratory environment that was designed and constructed to support behavior analyses of individual and group performance effectiveness viewed conceptually within the context of a small-scale human microsociety. Summarized are previous research emphases and findings in relationship to 1 conditions that sustain group cohesion and productivity and that prevent social fragmentation and performance deterioration, 2 motivational effects resulting from the programmed consequences of individual and group performance requirements, and 3 behavioral and biological effects resulting from a change in group size. A more detailed description is presented of the results of a recent series of experiments that were conducted to assess performance and hormonal effects of replacing an established group participant with a novitiate member. The significance of these investigative undertakings is to be understood in terms of emergent environmental, motivational, and behavioral-biological principles having practical relevance for the establishment and maintenance of small-scale human social systems.

Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law
  • Psychology
  • Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE