Small Groups in Programmed Environments: Behavioral and Biological Interactions.
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV BALTIMORE MD DIV OF BEHAVIORAL BIOLOGY
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This report reviews a research program undertaken within a laboratory environment that was designed and constructed to support behavior analyses of individual and group performance effectiveness viewed conceptually within the context of a small-scale human microsociety. Summarized are previous research emphases and findings in relationship to 1 conditions that sustain group cohesion and productivity and that prevent social fragmentation and performance deterioration, 2 motivational effects resulting from the programmed consequences of individual and group performance requirements, and 3 behavioral and biological effects resulting from a change in group size. A more detailed description is presented of the results of a recent series of experiments that were conducted to assess performance and hormonal effects of replacing an established group participant with a novitiate member. The significance of these investigative undertakings is to be understood in terms of emergent environmental, motivational, and behavioral-biological principles having practical relevance for the establishment and maintenance of small-scale human social systems.
- Sociology and Law
- Anatomy and Physiology