Analysis of Proposed Smoke Generator Concepts for Training Systems.
Final rept. Jan 81-Jan 83,
NAVAL TRAINING EQUIPMENT CENTER ORLANDO FL
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The generation and control of artificial smoke has been studied for various training applications including the Navys 19F series fire fighting trainers. This report considers the limitations of existing systems and proposes alternate methods of smoke generation intended to minimize the safety hazards normally associated with high capacity units. Particular emphasis is given to proposed electrical smoke generators which up to now have not been made available as high capacity systems. Fundamental heat transfer is utilized to identify the efficiency of nucleate boiling phenomena in conjunction with new techniques for a high capacity electrical resistance-tube technique. Other techniques include small commercial off-the-shelf electric boilers and special flowatomizing nozzles. Training and simulation applications utilizing these techniques are suggested for further research and development efforts. These applications include shore based fire fighting training on-board ship fire drills extinguishment agent simulation and other applications such as cockpit or evacuation trainers.
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