Archaeological Investigations in the Upper Tombigbee Valley, Mississippi: Phase II.
Final rept. of investigations no. 3, 1981-1983,
UNIVERSITY OF WEST FLORIDA PENSACOLA OFFICE OF CULTURAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH
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Data recovery to mitigate construction impacts was accomplished by the University of West Floridas Office of Cultural and Archaeological Research at four sites in the canal section of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway. Large scale excavations conducted at the Beech and Oak sites, 22It622 and 22It624, producted a wealth of information on the preceramic Late Archaic occupations of these two sites, as well as their other prehistoric components. With some engineering to permit similar large scale excavations below the water table, investigations at the Hickory site, 22It621, yielded evidence of Early Archaic habitation in the buried paleosol, as well as later components above it. At a site with predominantly late prehistoric cultural deposits, 22It606, the many features excavated provided unusual evidence of Late WoodlandMississippian ceramic and subsistence systems, as well as similar activities of earlier and later peoples. All four sites investigated were areas of short-term, repeated, intermittent use for specialized resource extraction throughout most of prehistory. They document wild plant collecting and other, mostly subsistence activities, by many different groups. This is an interim report and is very descriptive in nature the large body of data provides a solid base for future research. Author
- Humanities and History
- Civil Engineering