Direct Observation of Time-Temperature-Transformation Curves for Crystallization of Ice from Solutions by a Homogeneous Mechanism
PURDUE UNIV LAFAYETTE IN DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
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Emulsified samples of aqueous solutions of lithium chloride have been rapidly cooled to temperatures in the vicinity of the homogeneous nucleation temperature Tg and observed isothermally in a differential calorimeter to identify the time delay before the maximum crystallization rate detected by the release of the heat of crystallization is achieved. The locus of the time tp to reach the maximum rate at different temperatures has the classic form of the time-temperature-transformation TTT curve described in theories of homogeneous nucleation and growth. The displacement of this TTT curve to longer times and lower temperatures can be observed by increasing solution concentration. The results correlate well with much longer time observations made recently using electrical conductivity studies of thin bulk samples near their glass transition temperatures.
- Snow, Ice and Permafrost
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods