Motivational Predictors of Use of a Stationary Exercise Bicycle during Submarine Deployment.
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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The success of the Navys physical fitness program depends on motivating people to participate in fitness activities. Expectancy value EV theory assumes people are motivated to do things that provide desirable outcomes andor avoid negative outcomes. An EV motivation measure was used to predict use of a bicycle ergometer during a six-month submarine deployment. Additional scales administered measured persistence, perceived physical ability, liking for physical activity, and reasons for exercising self-improvement, socialrecreation, organizational requirements. Findings were a The EV and self-improvement measures were weak, but significant, predictors of bicycle use. Both measures were sensitive to response biases. Because both of the significant predictors of bicycle use reflect what a person gets out of exercising, the results supported the logic of the EV approach to motivation. However, substantial improvements would be needed to use either of the significant predictors for applied purposes. b The bicycle was used infrequently, illustrating that providing exercise facilities doe not ensure their use. Understanding what determines utilization rates is there fore important to the success of fitness programs. Author
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Anatomy and Physiology