Growth and Preparation of Lead-Potassium-Niobate (PKN) Single Crystals Specimens.
Final technical rept. Apr 80-Sep 81,
TEXAS A AND M UNIV COLLEGE STATION DEPT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
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Lead-potassium-niobate, Pb2KNb5O15 PKN is a member of the family of tungsten-bronze materials of the type A6B10O30. It is both ferroelastic and ferroelectric and it can be considered as a pseudo-binary compound represented by 2PbNb2O6.KNbO3. Its piezoelectric and electromechanical properties make it the leading substrate material for the fabrication of temperature compensated surface-acoustic-wave SAW devices. However, it is very difficult to synthesize PKN as a large, crack-free and chemically homogeneous single crystal. This report deals primarily with the problems encountered in crystal growth of PKN and suggests means to circumvent them. Furthermore, it describes two new methods - top seeded and solution growth - to synthesize crack-free, stoichiometrically uniform large single crystals of the compound. Also the results of PKN characterization by means of x-ray diffraction and dielectric, optical and electrical conductivity measurements are presented and discussed here.
- Physical Chemistry