Research Needs for Human Factors.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC COMMITTEE ON HUMAN FACTORS
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System design and the world of work are undergoing profound changes. In a period when automation is replacing the need for finely tuned perceptual-motor activities by skilled operators, human productivity is no longer easily assessed in terms of unit output. New systems place increased demands on the cognitive and decision-making aspects of human performance. The role of people in systems is shifting to those of monitoring and directing otherwise automatic processes in industrial production, transportation, military operations, and office work. These changes in human-machine relations both offer new opportunities and present new problems for system design. It is therefore timely and appropriate that the committees first report of research needs in human factors emphasizes the importance of understanding fundamental cognitive processes and their role in interactive and supervisory control systems.
- Administration and Management
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems