Job Involvement and Work Alienation: Is There a Relationship?
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS
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The concepts of job involvement and work alienation are significant cognitive constructs in the fields of management, psychology, and sociology. These two constructs have long been regarded as unrelated by most authorities in the fields of psychology and sociology. A relatively recent theory espoused by Rabindra Kanungo of McGill University departed radically from the traditional view. This thesis effort attempted to explore interrelationships between and among job involvement and work alienation measures. Major works pertinent to these two areas were reviewed. Twelve questionnaire measures eight involvement and four alienation measures evaluating these two constructs were utilized to gauge the convergent and discriminant validity among job involvement and work alienation measures. Correlational and factor analytic procedures were executed on the questionnaire results. The findings indicated that greater convergent validity existed for involvement measures than for alienation measures and that a relationship between involvement and alienation was somewhat tenable, but far from conclusive.
- Sociology and Law