Archeological Investigations at Big Hill Lake, Southeastern Kansas, 1980.
KANSAS STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY TOPEKA ARCHEOLOGY DEPT
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The report describes the excavations and the recovered remains, and presents inferential conclusions regarding the activities and cultural affliction of the sites prehistoric inhabitiants. At 14LT314, the investigation aimed at locating suspected structural remains. None were located and most of the cultural remains were found to be in the plow zone, thus indicating that the site had been essentially destroyed by cultivation. A Middle Ceramic occupation is inferred. At 24 LT31315, a similar investivation was conducted with somewhat better results. One post mold and a burned rock complex were found, but definite evidence of a structure or house floor was lacking. The scattered distribution of the remains suggested that the site had been disturbed by flooding and associated sedimentation as well as by modern cultivation. Artifacts recovered in the investigation confirmed an earlier inference of a Middle Ceramic, Pomona focus cultural affiliation. At 14TL316, attempts were made to locate structural remains suspected to be present in one area of the site and to excavate as much as possible of a large trash midden known to be present in another area. No definite evidence of a structure was encountered, but artifacts recovered as a result of that investigation confirmed a tentative earlier interference of Pomona focus occupation in that area of the site.
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