Short Wavelength Electrostatic Waves in the Earth's Magnetosheath.
IOWA UNIV IOWA CITY DEPT OF PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
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Recent observations with the ISEE-1 spacecraft have found electric field emissions in the dayside magnetiosheath whose frequency spectrum is modulated at twice the spacecraft spin period. The upper frequency cut-off in the frequency-time spectrum of the emissions has a characteristic parabola shape or festoon shape. The low frequency cutoff ranges from 100 Hz to 400 Hz, while the high frequency limit ranges from about 1 kHz to 4 kHz. The bandwidth is found to minimize for antenna orientations parallel to the wave vectors. The wave vector does not appear to be related to either the local magnetic field direction or the plasma flow velocity. The spacecraft observed frequency spectrum results from the spacecraft antenna response to the Doppler shifted wave vector spectrum which exists in the plasma. Imposed constraints on the plasma restframe wave vectors and frequencies indicate that the emissions occur within the frequency range from about 150 Hz to 1 kHz, with wavelengths between about 30 meters and 600 meters. These constraints strongly suggest that the festoon-shaped emissions are ion-acoustic waves. The small group velocity and k direction of the ion-acoustic mode are consistent with wave generation upstream at the bow shock and convection downstream to locations within the outer dayside magnetosheath. Author
- Atmospheric Physics
- Electricity and Magnetism