Leadership Personality Research.
AUSTRALIAN MILITARY FORCES CANBERRA PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH UNIT (1)
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This paper discusses three issues relevant to leadership personality research. The first compares interindividual to intraindividual research strategies. The former explains differences between individuals such as leaders and nonleaders and the latter explains differences within leaders. It is suggested that intraindividual strategies are better than interindividual strategies for demonstrating the role personality characteristics play in leadership. The second discusses situationally determined leadership measurements. It is recommended that researchers should use leadership measurements which are related to work behaviour rather than use general personality trait measurements. The third reviews the relationship between personality variables and leadership behaviours. It is pointed out that leadership research has concentrated on identifying the personality characteristics of leaders and the behaviours they use but few attempts have been made to link the two sets of variables. Author