Conducting Studies of Transfer of Learning: A Practical Guide
DAYTON UNIV OH RESEARCH INST
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This is a guide for use by the practical researcher concerned with conducting studies of transfer from pretraining of pilots in ground-based environments to performance in aircraft. While the material addresses principally transfer of learning of pilots, many of the issues should be applicable to other contexts, to include training of other aircrew members or even individuals who have quite different tasks to perform. The paper does not deal with theory but, rather, is concerned entirely with method of the transfer study. Method issues, to include the planning, tasks students, performance measurement, instructors, and analyses, are central to arriving at precise estimates of transfer effects--approaching as closely as possible the maximum that might have been demonstrated, providing a goal for the operational instructor pilot. Study models discussed include those for percent transfer of learning and the for transfer effectiveness ratio. Use of the latter should be essential in providing answers to contemporary questions concerning how much simulator pretraining can be used to replace aircraft training time--without reducing the goodness of the end product, the combat effective pilot.
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