Production of Intense Light Ion Beams from a Superpower Generator.
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC
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The operation of a pinch-reflex diode as an intense pulsed ion-beam source has been scaled up to the multiterawatt PITHON generator. Ion beams with currents of 1 MA at 1.8 MeV have been extracted in a 130 kJ, 100-ns FWHM pulse. The corresponding ion production efficiency is 60. Power losses were observed in interfacing the coaxial diode to the biconic vacuum feed of the generator. By using smaller area diodes, the average current density at the anode source has been increased to 20 kAsq cm. Proton and deuteron beams were studied in both planar and spherical diode geometries. The focusing of ion beams is predominately by self-magnetic fields for planar diodes and predominately by electrode shaping for spherical diodes. Curent densities of at least 150 kAsq cm were achieved with spherical didoes. The spatial evolution of the anode and cathode plasmas was studied by laser interferometric holography. As the peak of the power pulse is approached, plasmas were observed to expand from the electrodes in fairly uniform profiles with steep density gradients and to accelerate across the vacuum gap. After peak power, anode plasma fluctuations and a high velocity 30 cmmicrosec axial plume develop the latter expands radially coincident with collapse of the power pulse. Author
- Particle Accelerators