How Enlisted Women and Men View the Navy Organization.
Final rept. 1 Jan 78-30 Sep 79,
NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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Responses of over 40,000 Navy enlisted women and men to the human resource management HRM survey were analyzed. Results replicated those of a 1975 study, disclosing that although women were initially optimistic, their perceptions of the Navy were more negative than mens as they advanced to petty officer levels. Midlevel women E-4 to E-6 were less positive than men on peer relations significant interaction on three of five indexes and in views of command human-resources emphasis and personorganization goal integration. Women chief petty officers, however, were as positive as male counterparts on these measures. On perceptions of supervisory adequacy, women were as positive as men at E-1 to E-3 levels, but less positive at E-4 to E-9 levels. This was also true of responses to items assessing motivation, the influence exerted by lower-levels on decision making, and equal-opportunity practices within the command. Women showed less positive perceptions of Navy life than they had in 1975, and men showed more positive perceptions. These sex differences may be related to the lesser emphasis on organizational development in the shore establishments where men and women are concentrated. Results are discussed in terms of supervision and peer relations of women in male-dominated work groups and of inflated expectations women may have built up during recruitment and basic training. Author
- Humanities and History