Accession Number:

ADA109907

Title:

Sourcebook of Temporal Factors Affecting Information Transfer from Visual Displays

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Report Date:

1981-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

201.0

Abstract:

This report collects in one document the important research literature on temporal factors in vision. Over 350 scientific articles are cited herein and this represents approximately 10 percent of the data base which was consulted. The literature searched was comprised of the following 1 several thousand articles under the general rubric temporal factors and information processing from existing reprint files of the authors and others 2 Ergonomics Abstracts, Psychological Bulletins, Psychological Reviews and Human Factors for the last 12 years and 3 a listing from two automated look-up systems Psychological Abstracts 1967-present and National Technical Information System 1964-present. An integrative review of the literature is provided and three chapters are included which deal with application of these findings to display design. The subject matter is perception of temporal events-- specifically motion perception real and apparent and flickerflash sensitivity. A small chapter covers some temporally based phenomena which distort or degrade perception. Features of these phenomena may be observed in visual displays. Only studies which report findings which are robust enough to be expected to be important outside the laboratory are included. Where sufficient data were available, equations are provided to the engineer for the calculation of design criteria e.g., peripheral motion threshold, contrast thresholds, contrast thresholds and age, etc.. Where gaps exist in our scientific knowledge, recommendations are provided for applied research. General guidelines are offered for incorporating design criteria into Military Standard 1472 for perceptions due to temporal events. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE