Accession Number:

ADA109736

Title:

Falling Snow Optical Modeling,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

AERODYNE RESEARCH INC BEDFORD MA

Report Date:

1981-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

66.0

Abstract:

In order to develop a model describing the adverse weather effects of snow on optical transmission, it is necessary to incorporate optical, physical, and meteorological characteristics. We report on the development of a model which incorporates these three aspects of snow characterization. We first discuss a numerical model aimed at obtaining an understanding of the meteorological aspects of snowfall. Specifically, the model accepts as inputs such measurable quantities as temperature and dew point vertical profiles, as well as other quantities, often not measured, such as updraft velocity, cloud droplet size, and ice nucleus concentration. Based on these data, the model then predicts the time evolution of the cloud, and, eventually, the rate of precipitation and the type of snow particles arriving at the ground. We also discuss optical considerations in order to provide a framework in which physical and meteorological aspects can be included. Specifially, we discuss the need for areal, volume, and settling velocity parameters in calculating optical extinction coefficients. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology
  • Optics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE