Integration of Controls and Displays in U.S. Army Helicopter Cockpits.
ARMY AVIATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMAND ST LOUIS MO
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The U.S. Army has embarked on a digital avionic program with the immediate goal of developing an integrated avionic system which would eliminate all dedicated communication, navigation, and identification CNI control and display units CDUs from the cockpit. The CNI equipments were viewed as a well defined set whose control and display functions could be integrated at minimal risk. After in-house government experiments, which provided the expertise needed to prepare a functional specification, the Army made a major investment in cockpit integration hardware. This effort resulted in the ANASQ-166 Integrated Avionics Control System. The integrated CDU developed can be used to in-service or developmental aircraft to alleviate space problems, reduce pilot workload, and increase CNI capability. The next step was the initiation of an exploratory effort to determine to what extent the integration concepts used successfully in the CNI area could be applied to the remaining cockpit functions. A four-phase effort consisting of design, hardware fabrication, system integration, and testing was established. A cockpit was synthesized for the BLACK HAWK helicopter in which all crew functions were accomplished using multifunction interactive controls and displays. The results of this effort are presented, together with the status of the hardware currently in fabrication and the Armys plans for bench and flight testing. This exploratory effort is called the Army Digital Avionic System ADAS.
- Flight Control and Instrumentation
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems