Executive Summary of David Granick's Report: 'Soviet Introduction of New Technology: A Depiction of the Process'. Revision
STANFORD RESEARCH INST ARLINGTON VA STRATEGIC STUDIES CENTER
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This report discusses the problems involved in the introduction of new technology, developed domestically or imported from abroad, into civilian industry in the Soviet Union. The main concentration of the report is on the issue of incentives. A qualitative model is constructed to depict the forces at work in the USSR in regard to the assimilation of new technology particularly at the level of the industrial enterprise. A comparison is undertaken with the German Democratic Republic, another centralized socialist economy, but one where the process of new technology assimilation has been more successful. A model for East Germany is described and is contrasted with the Soviet model. Major emphasis is laid on the different managerial philosophies employed in the two economies. Several other issues also explored include The existence and nature of technology lag in the Soviet Union Disproportions among the necessary elements in the chain leading from basic research to the process of implementation in the form of new products or processes and The organizational issue of the degree to which research, development and production should be carried out within distinct organizations.
- Administration and Management
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and Control of Production Systems