Archaeological Salvage Excavations at the Tibbee Creek Site (22Lo600) Lowndes County, Mississippi.
MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV MISSISSIPPI STATE DEPT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
Pagination or Media Count:
This multicomponent site was located on Tibbee Creek in the floodplain of the Tombigbee River, at the western edge of the floodplain. Archaeological components ranging from the early portion of the Gulf Formational stage at approximately 1000 B.C. through the Mississippian stage dating about A.D. 1200 were present at the site. The indications are that the site locale functioned as a transitory camp during the Gulf Formational stage as well as through the later Miller I and II phases of the Middle Woodland period. The most intensive occupation of the site occurred during the late Woodland Miller III phase. Two house structures, several burials, and a large number of cookingstorage pits associated with the Miller III component were found during the excavations. The indications are that the site functioned as a base camp during Miller III. The final prehistoric component present at the Tibbee Creek site was a Mississippian farmstead which is assignable to the Lyons Bluff phase and is closely aligned with the Moundville phase. Major features of this Mississippian component are a large wall trench house with 72 sq m of floor area, a group of 11 burials, nine of which were in a planned cemetery, and a number of ancillary pit features.
- Humanities and History
- Civil Engineering