Accession Number:

ADA106974

Title:

Investigation of Release Temperatures for Kinzua Dam, Allegheny River, Pennsylvania. Hybrid Model Investigation.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.,

Corporate Author:

ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS HYDRAULICS LAB

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1981-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

71.0

Abstract:

Kinzua Dam, which impounds the Allegheny Reservoir, is a multipurpose project that includes pumped-storage hydropower and flood control. Prior to construction of Kinzua Dam, the Allegheny River in its vicinity was considered primarily a warmwater stream and supported an important smallmouth bass sport fishery. Since construction of the dam and power station, stream temperatures below the dam have been colder than expected. A hybrid modeling study was initiated to determine the causes of colder-than-expected releases and to identify and evaluate measures that could be taken to increase the release temperatures. Temperature data were collected and the enlarged data base was used to better understand the physical processes to be simulated in a pumped-storage reservoir thermal simulation numerical model. A physical model, scale 1100, of the inlet-outlet structure and the surrounding Allegheny Reservoir near-field topography was used to determine the selective withdrawal and pumped-storage mixing characteristics. Mathematical thermal model simulations were used to determine the major factors contributing to the release characteristics. The study determined that the pumped-storage operations have not been the cause of the colder-than-desired releases. Pumped-storage actually causes the hypolimnion to warm faster without significant cooling of the epilimnion. Structural modification of the sluices was determined to be the most effective and practical means of releasing warmer water.

Subject Categories:

  • Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
  • Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE