Accession Number:

ADA106418

Title:

A Study of Coronal Magnetic Structures and Solar Output.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 Mar 80-31 Jan 81,

Corporate Author:

HARVARD COLL OBSERVATORY CAMBRIDGE MA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1981-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

43.0

Abstract:

Models of open magnetic structures on the Sun are presented for periods near solar minimum CR 1626-1634 and near solar maximum CR 1668-1678. Together with previous models of open magnetic structures during the declining phase CR 1601-1611 these calculations provide a clue to the relations between open structures, coronal holes, and active regions at different times of the solar cycle. Near solar minimum the close relation between active regions and open structures does not exist. It is suggested that near solar minimum the systematic emergence of new flux with the proper polarity imbalance to maintain open magnetic structures may occur primarily at very small spatial scales. Near solar maximum the role of active regions in maintaining open structures and coronal holes is strong, with large active regions emerging in the proper location and orientation to maintain open structures longer than typical active region lifetimes. Although the use of He I 10830A spectroheliograms as a coronal hole indicator is shown to be subject to significant ambiguity, the agreement between calculated open structures and coronal holes determined from He I 10830A spectroheliograms is very good. The rotation properties of calculated open structures near solar maximum strongly suggest two classes of features one that rotates differentially similar to sunspots and active regions and a separate class that rotates more rigidly, as was the case for single large coronal holes during Skylab. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Astrophysics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE