A Critical Analysis of Grain-Size and Yield-Strength Dependence of Near-Threshold Fatigue-Crack Growth in Steels.
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC
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Though a number of investigators have examined the influence of microstructural variables on near-threshold fatigue-crack growth rates in steels, a comprehensive understanding of the dependence of near-threshold growth rates on grain size, yield strength and microstructural morphology in steels has yet to emerge -- as noted in an excellent review by Ritchie. Recently, however, from our own extensive studies with alphabeta titanium alloys, the basis for microstructural dependence of widely different fatigue crack growth rates was established for titanium alloys. Inasmuch as the micromechanistic model from that work does not depend uniquely on alloy family, it is of great interest to explore its applicability to steels -- especially since it predicts quantitatively the influence of yield strength and grain size in the near-threshold region for steels. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to critically analyze the near-threshold fatigue crack growth behavior, as reported in the literature, for steels of widely different strength level, grain size and microstructural morphology -- in the search for a systematic ordering of near-threshold fatigue crack growth rates that pertains to the whole gamut of steels. Author
- Properties of Metals and Alloys