The Limiting IR Voltage within Electrolyte in Cavities during Localized Corrosion and Hydrogen Charging of Metals.
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK DEPT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
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In-place gas bubbles within pits, crevices and cracks often cause large differences in electrode potential between the base of the cavity E sub xL and the sample surface E sub xo. These potential changes are much greater than predicted by existing theoretical calculations which ignore the possibility of a constricted current path. In this paper, a limiting electrode potential, E sub LIM, within the cavity is identified. It is the potential at which the net current, with respect to that available for flow in or out of the cavity, is zero. 1 In the case of a single current-producing reaction within the cavity, E sub LIM is the equilibrium potential of this reaction. 2 For more than one reaction of the same sign, E sub LIM will be the least noble equilibrium potential in the case of anodic polarization, and the most noble for cathodic reactions. 3 When reactions of opposite sign occur in the cavity E sub LIM will be the mixed potential of these reactions.
- Physical Chemistry
- Properties of Metals and Alloys