Investigation of Proposed Dike Systems on the Mississippi River Report 2 New Madrid Bar Reach. Hydraulic Model Investigation.
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS
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This investigation is one phase of a general model study to determine the effectiveness of dike systems proposed for improvement of troublesome reaches on the Mississippi River. This report describes and gives results of tests concerned with the development of plans for the improvement of the New Madrid reach of the river, which is located about 890 river miles above Head of Passes. A movable-bed model reproducing approximately 11 miles of the Mississippi River to a horizontal scale of 1480 and a vertical scale of 160 was used to develop plans that would improve and stabilize the navigation channel through the reach and eliminate or reduce the need for maintenance dredging. The channel in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri, has been especially troublesome because of the divided flow and poor channel alignment. Flow near New Madrid is divided by a large island and further divided by a large sandbar between the channel along the left side of the island and the channel along the left bank. The navigation channel at the time of initiation of this study was along the left side of the island and then turned sharply toward the left bank before crossing back toward the right bank downstream of the island. Maintenance of the channel along the right side of the island was required as an access to the port facilities at the city of New Madrid. The plans tested included the construction of four dikes along the left riverbank and the dredging of a pilot cut along the lower portion of New Madrid bar and modifications to the alignment or number of dikes.
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
- Civil Engineering