Accession Number:

ADA099567

Title:

The Effect of Cross Flow and Isolated Roughness Elements on the Boundary Layer and Wall Pressure Fluctuations on Circular Cylinders,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR GAS DYNAMICS LABS

Report Date:

1977-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

85.0

Abstract:

In this paper pressure fluctuation measurements on smooth cylinders aligned with the flow have been extended to include the effect of slight cross flow and isolated roughness elements. A yaw angle of a few degrees is sufficient to produce severe asymmetry of the outer portion of the boundary layer as deduced from impact pressure measurements using computer controlled traversing gear. The root-mean-square surface pressure fluctuations are a maximum on the windward surface but only slightly larger than with no yaw. On the leeward surface they are much lower. The power spectrum of the pressure has greater energy density at high frequencies on the windward surface and at low frequencies on the leeward side. With no cross flow the root-mean-square surface pressure is greatly increased by a cylindrical collar placed around the cylinder. A collar which increases the diameter by 50 more than doubles the wall pressure three diameters downstream. The spectra of the pressure scale with collar thickness and the intensity of the surface pressure fluctuations scales with the ratio of collar thickness to distance downstream. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE