The Bifurcation Behavior of Tubular Reactors.
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WISCONSIN UNIV-MADISON MATHEMATICS RESEARCH CENTER
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Methods for studying the bifurcation behavior of tubular reactors have been developed. This involves the application of static and Hopf bifurcation theory for PDEs and the very precise determination of steady state profiles. Practical computational methods for carrying out this analysis are discussed in some detail. For the special case of a first order, irreversible reaction in a tubular reactor with axial dispersion, the bifurcation behavior is classified and summarized in parameter space plots. In particular the influence of the Lewis and Peclet numbers is investigated. It is shown that oscillations due to interaction of dispersion and reaction effects should not exist in fixed bed reactors moreover, should only occur in very short empty tubular reactors. The parameter study not only brings together previously published examples of multiple and periodic solutions but also reveals a hitherto undiscovered wealth of bifurcation structures. Sixteen of these structures, which come about by combinations of as many as four bifurcations to multiple steady states and four bifurcations to periodic solutions, are illustrated with numerical examples. Although the analysis is based on the pseudohomogeneous axial dispersion model, it can readily be applied to other reaction diffusion equations such as the general two phase models for fixed bed reactors. Author
- Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Processing
- Numerical Mathematics